Posts Tagged ‘military image’

Sun Tzu: Keep your adversary irrationally busy, worrying, confused,fearful and like to be your ally, if you want to be a global leader…..

Wednesday, May 23rd, 2012

Currently America is a global leader in some way, but keeps busy moving the military units around the world, keeps worrying the whole world human right, and freedom, through the United Nation keeping the questionable allies….

It seems that a lot of contrast to what Sun Tzu  has to say. If Sun Tzu is the best military strategist,  then our leaders may need to review their planning.

America has been faithfully to help the world since the Second World War. The purpose is to keep the world peace and creates the world prosperity. When you help another country to grow up , you naturally create the competitions……

America has the best natural resources and human wisdom so as the technology. In reality, America can overcome this challenge without questions. This challenge makes the world better. That is America’s goal, that is America system. What is the problem?

Some political leaders and certain groups of organization keep complaining about the unfair challenges……

If America can send the spaceship to the Universe, or goes to the Mar, even Sun Tzu would agree that America can overcome  something that he can’t…..

“If Sun Tzu is alive to day, he will say that America has an internal problem .”

The extremity and obstructions of certain political leaders will cause this great country dearly. Look at the Wall Street. There are no rules and laws in their eyes. They do anything they want to. Because they can afford to pay $B of dollar fine and have political power. They can admit no fault. When the future oil trading is being investigated, the oil price goes down and a big bank loses multiple $B of dollars….When will it end ? Scandal waves move forward one after another. New IPO is on the NEWS. It is incredible!

Some ex-military officers have said there are not much competitions in term of military power in the near future. Why America needs more oxygenated problem plane……?

America has the budget gridlock, it can be done, if Congress can work together. If America can’t balance the budget, the world is not going to listen……..Can America to be a global leader under this circumstance ??

Know Yourself and Know the World…..Sun Tzu.

The Image……..

Sunday, December 4th, 2011

” Make your enemy surrender without fighting”……….Sun Tzu.

It is a psychological game. Build up the  essential undefeated military strength and projects out. It is the image that Sun Tzu talked about.

America is a real super tiger in terms of military might. The whole world recognizes it, but the trust may not be up to the respectful level.  America has spent $B of B dollars and military aids to foreign countries. Most of it only goes to the dictator’s hands. Look at Asia countries, it is a typical example. The local people never get the real help except the high expectation and waiting…eventually, the disappointment will have a major impact to their psychological feeling. The opponents will take advantage of it. Spread different kind of rumors…..

What is the purpose to help another country? For strategical purpose, or spreading “The Human Rights and Freedom ” or just for business, regardless  any of them, America needs the local people support and trust to achieve the purposes.

Look at the past wars or conflicts, something that America should review them as the future references. The past 10 year war in Middle East are exhausting the resources of this country. What is the real result, it really depends on what angle you look at it.

Look at he current “Arab Spring”,  America needs to know the sensitive situation, it is a double blade circumstance. America may lose all their efforts built  over the past 40 years, if this country is not careful  to deal with it.  ” Stand for the principles to help the local people.”  That is the image, this country needs to rebuild, otherwise, it may create a negative result as the previous error.

When you want to help another country, you need to know their culture  and their traditions .  People have cultured in that kind of environment for thousand of years, they are not going to accept what you offer easily, until they recognize the difference. America living model may not fit into their society immediately.

Give them the house, AC, Heater, food, TV ( NOT BOMBS)……..etc , the most important factor, let the house wife or female see the “American children life ” by CD or tape, then the environment will change. “Mother love is Universal.”  They will do everything for their children. Female is the most powerful figure on the earth. They will influence the men at the end.   The image will change. History will tell you.

The continuous bombing will produce friendly damages. Just think about it, if someone kills your family, you will be very easy to accept the propaganda ………Another opponent is created.

Political leaders need to sit back to review their policy. If you want to be a global leader, you want your hand to touch everything .  However, you continuously have internal struggle and waste resources….You don’t need the genius to give you the answer. Why don’t you all work together. and find a common ground instead of excuse and blame on each other.

This country has a major ‘IMAGE” problem from inside out.

If political leaders can settle the internal problems and stand for the Principles as before, The IMAGE will return and the whole world will change their negative view of America .

Most of all, American will trust the country again !!

” Know Yourself and Know the Circumstance”……..Sun Tzu.

“Superpower” —According to Sun Tzu

Wednesday, May 18th, 2011

America is currently considered a “superpower.” Does America today fit the image of “superpower” as understood by Sun Tzu in his classic treatise, The Art of War?

Sun Tzu said that if a country is to function as a superpower, it must have an impeccable reputation for unity of purpose and a strong economy. 

To review Sun Tzu’s concepts:

The members of government and the people must be united behind the leadership.

The government must always choose diplomacy before resorting to warfare.

The primary intention of the military must always be to create a situation where the enemy is willing to surrender without resorting to actual physical warfare.

The military must not be interfered with by government leaders.

The military must not engage in warfare that is far distant from the home country.

The military must not engage in protracted military operations.

The military must have superb and totally secret intelligence-gathering.

The military must never reveal its operational plans to anyone beyond the leader of the country.

The military / government leaders must thorougly understand the culture and psyche of those foreigners they are dealing with.

If a superpower has taken control of another country, the primary intention must be to improve the lives of those they have taken over, so those citizens will more readily become  willing participants in the superpower’s domain.

The economy of the superpower must be stable.  Inflation and scarcity lead to civil unrest.

The citizens must not feel that they are being drained of resources to support unnecessary military actions or overpaid government officials .

I will leave it to the reader to determine if post-World War II  U.S. has been meeting the above-listed criteria.

Clearly, when a country’s image is shaken by continual political conflict within the seat of government, when its economic leaders are repeatedly being exposed for various types of unethical and exploitative activities, the solidarity of the purpose and identity of the populace is weakened.  And it is more than obvious that the leadership potential of such a country on the world stage is certainly eroded.

This is the position that America finds itself in today.   

This is not a time to waver in our expectation that our leaders and our economic institutions will perform their positions with integrity and higher purpose.  This is not done by pointing the finger at “wrongdoers” without thought to the ethics and standards of our own lives. This is not a time for self-righteousness.  But it IS definitely time to hold a  commitment to a cultural integrity that flows from the bottom to the top and back again.

“Vision” is not just for political campaigns.  It is the task of everyone, not just a political campaign platform, to create a vision. Vision is crucial if you want to see clearly into the future and have a part in what is created there.

Y.K. Wong

May 18, 2011

To learn much more about Sun Tzu and to get the most current translation of The Art of War, and how you can use the principles for your own economic strategy, get the book or the ebook of The Art of War Applied to Wall Street by Y.K. Wong, with Pat Kuzela.

A Shift in America’s Image

Wednesday, May 4th, 2011

“Image is everything.”  (Sun Tzu, Art of War, 2500  years ago).  The image of the potential power of a military force is the linchpin of Sun Tzu’s concept of the right use of military force (excerpted from The Art of War Applied to Wall Street, pg. 85).  The elimination of Osama bin Laden this week has stimulated a change, temporary as it may be, in the image of the United States.

In the years following World War II the image and reputation of the U.S. was sky high.  However, American involvement in Korea in the 1950’s and inVietnam in the 1960’s, plus the misguided intervention in Iran, and events following, all caused a serious erosion in the perception of the United States.

It wasn’t until the presidency of Ronald Reagan and his success in dealing with the Russians at the end of the Cold War, as well as with the posturing of Gaddafi, that the image of the United States was somewhat restored.

After Reagan, the U.S. has struggled to maintain its posture of strength and moral integrity in foreign relations.  Even the so-called “War on Terror” has been a paper tiger—until this week’s raid on Osama bin Laden’s hideout in Pakistan.  The stealth and success of the operation have had an dramatic effect on worldwide perception that ”America means business.”

Would Sun Tzu himself have thoroughly approved of it.?

An analysis of the information released so far about the strike on bin Laden’s lair reveals that its success can be attributed to many principles advocated by Sun Tzu. Those principles are:  the importance of planning (Chapter 1 of The Art of War), the importance of thorough preparation (Chapter 2 of  The Art of War), strategy and attack (Chapter 3 of A of  W), understanding the terrain ( Chapter 10 of A of  W), and most of all, the prime importance of military intelligence (Chapter 13 of A of W). 

And most important, there was zero collateral damage.  The community and the citizens nearby were not harmed in any way—in total accordance with the principles of The Art of War.

The success of this raid on bin Laden highlights that it is not necessarily firepower that creates respect and “image.”  It is wisdom in the choice of tactics that only can come from “Knowing yourself” and knowing the enemy” that creates Image. Our leaders and citizens would be well-advised to understand this.

And for this reason, one is not so sure that Sun Tzu himself would have approved of the raid.  Why? Because part of “knowing the enemy” is understanding that part of the piece called “reducing collateral damage” consisted of refraining from doing anything that would cause a desire for retaliation to fester in the heart of the vanquished. The one piece of this operation that will come back to bite America’s image was the use of torture to gain the information needed to locate Osama bin Laden. 

Although Sun Tzu emphasized the vital role of “military intelligence,” nowhere in The Art of War is there any suggestion that torture was the way to obtain it.  So it is that the dialog that is going on now regarding this may be the last piece needed to move America along in its quest to live up the image of strength and honor it has always sought. 

To learn much more about the principles of The Art of War, get the book The Art of War Applied to Wall Street.

by Y.K. Wong

May, 2011

Libya: What Would Sun Tzu Do if He Were Alive Today?

Wednesday, April 6th, 2011

Commentators and experts continue to talk endlessly about Libya, despite the fact that no one can really predict the outcome.  What would Sun Tzu, the author of THE ART OF WAR, the definitive treatise on war and foreign affairs, say about the action in Libya?

Primarily, Sun Tzu’s initial words of wisdom are, ”War is serious business.”  He would say that “War is the last resort, to be employed only when all diplomatic means have been exhausted.” 

He would say that “Everything must be taken into consideration.”

He would say that once a decision has been made to go to battle, then the purpose is above all, to win as expediently as possible, and with as little collateral damage to the land and the people as possible.

Sun Tzu would say that if the leader of a country tells another leader to “step down,” then he has to stand by his statement, lest he be perceived as being merely insulting without serious intention. President Obama may have made this “suggestion” hoping that other voices would join his and pressure Mommar Gadhafi into a peaceful regime change. Nonetheless, it is certainly regarded as a challenge.  Now that he has stated his position, President Obama is going to have to stand by it.   Sun Tzu always emphasized the power and importance of “image.”  If the United States backs down from the challenge it has set up, instability and unrest is likely to escalate as other policital forces come forward to fill the void in leadership.

Now that the United States has become involved in Libya, it would be worthwhile to explore the situation from The Art of War perspective.  A primary principle of A of W is to find the enemy’s weakness. In Libya’s case it is the fact that the government is a military dictatorship.  Historically, there is no real loyalty between dictators and their military forces.  in the end, the militaryalways looks out for its own interests, not the dictator’s.  There is always the strong likelihood that the military will turn against its leader if it becomes advantageous. This is the major weakness of the Gadhafi regime.

 In addition, as a result of the brutality of his regime, there is little true support among the population for Gadhafi. Furthermore, the Gadhafis know that militarily they are in the weaker position. When Gadhafi’s son said that the essence of his military plan is “to fight and die here,” he is indicating that he knows they are overmatched.  In fact, years ago, when Gadhafi dropped his nuclear program, under American pressure, that was an indication that he knew he was not in any position to defy the United States. 

Thus the internal weaknesses are evident.  The fact that Gadhdafi’s Prime Minister recently fled to England makes it clear that there are serious problems in the Gadhafi government.

 Sun Tzu says “Know yourself.”  America’s position is stronger because it has the support of the United Nations, NATO, most of the Europeans, plus it has superior military power.  Add to that its noble goal of supporting human rights and democratic principles.  Real trust of America can be gained when the United States is effectively furthering human rights in the world.

In Chapter 13 of The Art of War, Sun Tzu advocates the strategy of using citizens and military officers with grievances against their leaders. “Use the enemy’s own spear to pierce  his shield. Tempt them to go against their leaders. “ Even the Libyan Prime Minister can see the wisdom of aligning with the United States. Those who are fighting for Gadhafi are not religious fanatics who are going to martyr themselves for their leader.

The Gadhafi forces are much more likely to recognize the obvious superiority of the American and NATO forces.  It was one of  Sun Tzu’s principles that display of military strength serves to erode the adversary’s confidence.  It is actually a psychological tactic—which is essentially at the heart of everything that Sun Tzu taught. 

 For Sun Tzu, the psychology of intimidation creates conditions for quick surrender.  Quick surrender reduces the “collateral damage”  0f  loss of life and infrastructure. Sun Tzu was very clear that it was far preferable to gain quick surrender and thereby spare the people and the country itself from undue suffering and damage, not to mention sparing the economic drain and loss of morale engendered by protracted warfare.

If you would like to learn more about Sun Tzu’s teachings in The Art of War, get the most updated translation available today at 

 or as an ebook at

Y.K. Wong, April 2011

Libya: An Opportunity to Spread Human Rights and Freedom

Tuesday, March 22nd, 2011

Sun Tzu teaches that if you want to be a world leader, you have to be clear about your purpose, your adversaries, and your circumstances.

Let’s review the circumstances relating to Libya. The citizens in Lybia have been calling out for global help.  The people want freedom and a substantial number of them want to expel the dictator.  About 60% of the population is under 30 years old, and they have a concept of freedom that they have picked up from the media.  They have been calling out for change.

Momar Gadhafi has been in power for over 40 years.  He has brutally repressed  the citizens of his country who have not cooperated with him.  Gadhafi has not used the wealth generated by the oil industry of Libya to benefit the citizens.  Instead, his family have used it to live lavishly while the population is in need of economic development for the thousands of unemployed. When the younger generation does not have hope for the future, there is the demand for regime change. 

Gadhafi has admitted to  linkage to terrorism.  In 2003, Gadhafi finally said that Libya was “responsible” for the 1988 explosion of Pan Am Flight 103 over Lockerbie, Scotland. And Gadhafi may have agreed to hold back from developing nuclear capability, but he still has WMD, such as mustard gas, at his disposal.

The American and NATO forces have support from the European allies.  It is clear that Ghadfai is outnumbered and outgunned. While Sun Tzu would say that you must never overestimate yourself and underestimate the enemy, it appears that Gadhafi is going to be overturned.  The key thing is for it to be done quickly enough for the people to attain their freedom without developing resentment for strangers hunkering down on their soil.

If our military leaders  have “taken everything into consideration” as Sun Tzu advocates, then this deployment of forces could have an outcome that is favorable to the image of the United States as well as to the future of the younger generation of Libyians. Therein lies a worthy goal.

Not only that, but such an outcome would have a ripple effect on the entrenched repressive regimes in other countries of that region where people are asking for change.

As we are aware, recently a couple of  generals involved with operations in both Afghanistan and Iraq have publicly stated that had the planning and research been thorough enough in advance, things would have gone quite differently in both settings.

Hopefully, our military leaders have learned from their experiences in Iraq and Afghanistan.  As Sun Tzu said, “there must be an ovewhelming reason” to engage in warfare.  ”Everything must be taken into consideration.”  This includes the psychological effect  on the citizens. Long-distance, and long-term wars weaken the country.  These are all points that Sun Tzu emphasized. 

As Sun Tzu taught, it is all about “image” in leadership.  If you haven’t done the homework, you cannot maintain the image.

There is no reason to keep rediscovering the wheel, and continue to learn from the same mistakes over and over again, when Sun Tzu has already written the handbook on how to avoid them in the first place.

Read the best, most readable, up-to-date version of Sun Tzu’s The Art of  War available today, which is incorporated into the book, The Art of War Applied to Wall Street.

Y.K. Wong


Parallels Between Fall of the Roman Empire and the Mongolian Empire

Tuesday, January 4th, 2011

Even though the Roman Empire and the Mongolian Empire were ascendant in different historical periods, there are similarities between the causes of their demise. Students of Sun Tzu’s The Art of War will easily perceive that the failure of these empires to follow the teachings of The Art of War is responsible for their fall.

Sun Tzu said that you must never over-stretch the military, you must win over the local people, you have to set up ethical governing bodies, and you have to treat POW’s well. Both of these empires failed to follow the principles.

In addition, the leadership at the very top of both empires was not unified. They both suffered from internal power struggles over the ultimate leadership of the empire.

Most Westerners know little about the rise and fall of the Mongolian Empire, so allow me to share a little history: During the Sung Dynasty in China, there was continual warfare between the “barbarians,” (the Kim), from the Northeast and the Chinese from the central part of China.

Meanwhile, there was ongoing warfare between a group from the northwest, the Ha, and the Chinese from the central part of China. Many of the beleagured people from the central parts of the country moved to a border area close to Mongolia to get away from the conflicts.  The highly educated and influential people were part of this group.

As a result, the Mongolian leader Ghengis Khan grew up with the Chinese, and grew to love and appreciate Chinese culture.  He also became familiar with the corruption and abusive acts of the  Chinese leaders. In other words, he came to learn the strengths and weaknesses of his Chinese neighbors.

Later on, when Ghengis Khan came into power over the Mongol people, he was able to spearhead infiltration into Chinese society and military because of his familiarity with it. It was a classic example of “know the enemy.”  He was perfectly equipped to set up double agents to learn all that he had to know about the Chinese government and military.  This enabled him to easily create an alliance with the Chinese and later used them to support his own campaigns against the warlike Kim people from the Northeast.

Once he had subdued the Kim people, Ghengis Khan turned his attention toward the Ha in the West, and again used his Chinese alliances to defeat the Ha.

When Ghengis Khan was finished with the Ha, he turned to the Chinese themselves and eventually took them over as well. He effectively destroyed the Sun Dynasty. The Chinese say that Ghengis Khan ” ’swallowed’  the Kim and destroyed the Sung Dynasty”. Ghenghis Khan then became the leader of the “Yuen [Mongolian] Empire.” 

Ghengis Khan then set out to convert his Mongolian people to the Chinese culture. The net result was that the Mongolian culture took second place to the Chinese culture, thereby eventually creating ultimate victory for the Chinese.

Ghengis Khan became so ambitious that he extended out militarily to the Middle East, Europe, and Russia.  Meanwhile, his government in China itself became corrupt and brutalized the dissidents within the country. This turned the people against his leadership.

By the time Ghengis Khan was killed in battle and his son took over, the people revolted against the Mongolian Empire and it was overturned. In China, “August 15″ is a famous revolution date. Festivals are still celebrated on this date.  Even today, people serve  “August Moon cakes” on August 15 to commemorate the secret communication via messages on slips of paper that were hidden in cakes that were served during the traditonal August Moon festival. The messages enabled the revolutionaries to coordinate their attack plans.

All the elements related to the rise of the Mongolian Empire reflect principles advocated by Sun Tzu, such as knowing the enemy, use of espionage, creation of fearful image, and initially, fair governance of the people.

By the same token, all the elements related to the fall of the Mongolian Empire reflect the points that Sun Tzu said to avoid: over-stretching the military, eventual brutality to the people, corruption and divisiveness in leadership, and finally such over-extension of terrirtoy that there no longer was a “Dao” of identity and purpose shared by both the people and the leaders.

What about the United States?  During World War II and afterward, the U.S. was perceived as an agent of positive help to others in the world. It became a Superpower.  Yet some of the governments that were assisted overseas became tainted by scandal and corruption,  for example, the Phillipines, Taiwan, and China.  In our news today we find reports of corruption in the governments of those countries that we wish to help the most.

And even within our country we see divisiveness in the central government and evidence of corruption in the financial sector. 

It would be wise to pay close attention to history, lest it be repeated.

A clear and easy-to-read translation of The Art of War, is included, along with the original Chinese text in The Art of War Applied to Wall Street. The book also contains assessements of some famous battles in modern history in terms of Sun Tuz’s principles.

Elections: It’s not about the Party, it’s about the COUNTRY

Tuesday, October 26th, 2010

Sun Tzu said that a strong country is one that is unified in support of its own government. But what are we seeing in our country these days?  “Nattering nabobs of negativity,” to quote that famous statesman, Spiro Agnew.

Yes, it is an election year, and issues need to be discussed, but ARE they?  It seems to me that there is a lot of schoolyard mud-slinging instead of the constructive and unifying ideas that uplift the people and the country as a whole.

Focusing on the questions of “Who might control Congress,” etc. is not really forward-looking thought.  It is divisive.  It is not about unity.  A country that is not unified in its goals and intentions is not a strong country.  A divided country cannot be a Superpower. 

A bickering, petty gaggle of policians  jockeying to promote their agendas ( i.e. the rewards of their special-interest groups) are certainly not an inspiration to the younger generation of our country.  Prominent business leaders and CEO’s who have lined their pockets at the expense of the taxpayers have been an embarrassment to the country, and a disillusionment to our youth.

The kind of government that Sun Tzu advocated was a government of leaders, of statesmen, not of petty politicians.  Sun Tzu’s vision of a leader was one that not only had the loyalty of the citizens, but also of the military.  The military functions at its best when there is belief in the cause of the country as a whole. Pride in one’s country is a key to military strength and image.

As citizens we have an obligation to ourselves and to our younger generation to discern which candidates truly have the interests of the people first and foremost in their policies, and to get out and vote for them.

Sun Tzu’s Philosophy of “Image” and Psychological Warfare

Wednesday, August 18th, 2010

Understanding Sun Tzu’s concept of “Image” is crucial to understanding his entire philosphy of  ”warfare.”  Most readers focus on the literal interpretation of “the falcon  attack that seems to come from the ‘nine layers of the Heavens’. “  Or the image of “the rock that hits the egg,” or the ”water that moves the boulders,” or the “dammed water at the top of the mountain ready to burst upon the land below,” or “the boulder shaking at the top of the mountain,” ready to unleash its destruction.

 In other words, the typical reader of The Art of War is thinking only in terms of physical massed force. 

But there is much more to be said about what Sun Tzu is getting across in relation to “IMAGE.”

All of the images in his text are actually  meant to convey that the key factor in creating victory is skill in creating an illusion of of force and power that cannot be overcome.  In other words, the focused intent of the offensive force is to create a psychological state of  mind in the potential adversary that would render  an expectation of defeat right from the start

In the portion of this new book that describes how The Art of War perspective can be applied to investing in the Stock Market, I explain how the “image” of Wall Street is created in the media, and how it can affect the unwary investor.

For example, when the Fed is talking about increasing interest, it can be portrayed as “good,” because it is “calming down inflation.”  On the other hand, increasing interest can be portrayed as a signal that inflation is coming.  Either way, it is a matter of presentation.  In other words, some “Image” is being projected. These images have a kind of mass consciousness effect on the investing public.

Furthermore, if the Fed cuts interest, it can be interpreted as a stimulant to the economy, causing the Market to go up.  However, optimism is discouraged, because there is a concern in the mind of the public that the reason the Fed has cut the interest is because they know something unkown to the public, sowing the seeds of uncertainty.

As soon as the analysts begin talking in terms of “uncertainty,” the Market becomes unstable, and investors are caught like leaves in the swirling fall winds. 

The net effect is that the investor feels as if he/she is at the mercy of unknown and powerful unseen forces, and remains in a permanent state of psychological instability.  The individual is unable to maintain a stance of confidence, making it easy for the Stock Market to snatch away his funds. As a result of this form of  “psychological warfare,” the investor surrenders his money.

For more insight into how this “Image” is created, and more important, how to deal with it, read the book!

The Role of “Image” in Military Success or Failure

Sunday, July 25th, 2010

In most translations of The Art of War, the importance of  “Image” is not adequately explained. Most translators use the word “Energy” to address the topic.  Furthermore, previous translators discuss this so-called “Energy” mostly in terms of  military “strength.”

 Readers who explore the forthcoming book, The Art of War Applied to Wall Street, will be treated to a complete and thorough translation of the entire Art of War as bonus material.

This new translation is a much more accurate one.  What others have rather nebulously named as “Energy” is actually the the power of “image.”  This topic will be thoroughly explored in Chapter 5 of the portion of the book devoted to the translation of the actual Art of War text.

Let’s look at “image” in a familiar context through the mindset of Sun Tzu.  Take the image of Germany under the leadership of Adoph Hitler during the World War 2 period.

In the early years of Hitler’s leadership, he had attained the support of most of the people, a key Sun Tzu element.  He built up a military force that was universally recognized as a strong one that was extremely mobile, could attack quickly with lethal force, and get out again quickly.  Again, all key elements of The Art of War.

As a result, the German military had a fearsome image that caused enemies to surrender quickly or to negotiate and become allies.  Here again is an Art of War concept.  “Make the enemy surrender without fighting,” and incorporate territory with little collateral damage.

The image resulted in a psychological advantage that created the leverage he needed to cause his adversaries to capitulate.

As the concept of this book, Art of War Applied to Wall Street, began to take form in my mind, I came to realize that Wall Street has a very similar effect upon people.  It seems so monolithic and so impenetrable, and there is so much “analysis” offered, that the individual feels overwhelmed. Not knowing who or what to trust, one can end up surrendering his or her capital to the stock market without understanding that much of what is presented is simply “image.”

In my book, I have set out to present to the reader an approach, using most of Sun Tzu’s concepts, to dealing with of the Wall Street “adversary.”

Footnote to history:  When Hitler lost his campaign against Russia in the Battle of Leningrad, his image was badly tarnished, and the German forces were no longer considered undefeatable.  As described in the blog discussing the Battle of Leningrad [excerpted from my book], Hitler had violated so many precepts of The Art of War, that his downfall was inevitable.